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闲置一定时间后如何保存和关闭工作簿?

作者:孙 最后修改时间:2016-08-22

有时,当您长时间忙于其他事务时,可能会意外关闭工作簿,这可能会丢失工作簿中的一些重要数据。 如果您在一定时间内将其停用,是否有任何技巧可以自动保存和关闭工作簿?

VBA在一段时间不活动后自动保存并关闭工作簿

箭头蓝色右气泡 VBA在一段时间不活动后自动保存并关闭工作簿

Excel中没有内置函数可以解决此问题,但是我可以介绍一个宏代码,该代码可以帮助您在一段时间内不活动后保存和关闭工作簿。

1.启用要自动保存并在闲置几秒钟后关闭的工作簿,然后按 Alt + F11键 打开钥匙 Microsoft Visual Basic应用程序 窗口。

2。 点击 插页 > 模块 创造一个 模块 脚本,然后将以下代码粘贴到该脚本。 看截图:

Dim CloseTime As Date
Sub TimeSetting()
    CloseTime = Now + TimeValue("00:00:15")
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
      Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=True
End Sub
Sub TimeStop()
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
      Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=False
 End Sub
Sub SavedAndClose()
    ActiveWorkbook.Close Savechanges:=True
End Sub

 

doc不活动后保存关闭工作簿1

3.然后在 项目浏览器 窗格,双击 本工作簿,然后将以下代码粘贴到next脚本中。 看截图:

Private Sub Workbook_BeforeClose(Cancel As Boolean)
    Call TimeStop
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_Open()
    Call TimeSetting
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)
   Call TimeStop
   Call TimeSetting
End Sub

 

doc不活动后保存关闭工作簿2

4.双击在步骤2中插入的模块,然后按 F5 键来运行代码。 看截图:
doc不活动后保存关闭工作簿3

5.然后在15秒钟后弹出一个对话框,提醒您保存工作簿,然后单击 Premium Partner 保存并关闭工作簿。
doc不活动后保存关闭工作簿4

提示:

(1)在第一个代码中,您可以在此字符串中将不活动时间更改为其他时间: 现在+ TimeValue(“ 00:00:15”)

(2)如果您以前从未保存过工作簿,则 另存为 对话框将首先出现,并要求您保存它。
doc不活动后保存关闭工作簿5


非常好 保护工作表

Kutools for Excel的 保护工作表 该功能可以一次快速保护多张纸或整个工作簿。
doc保护多个工作表

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Comments (11)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
When I don't want to edit and I just want to consult, the file still closes. It shouldn't close. Should restart counting when I select cells. What is the solution?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
When I don't want to edit and I just want to consult, the file still closes. It shouldn't close. Should restart counting when I select cells. What is the solution?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This is great. Any tips on adding a popup message box that will warn the user the sheet is about to close and give them the option to reset the timer?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I'm not sure what happened but this solution no longer works. Here is the fix to this solution that worked for me:

````
Dim resetCount As Long

Public Sub Workbook_Open()
On Error Resume Next
Set xWB = ThisWorkbook
resetCount = 0
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)On Error Resume Next
Reset
End Sub

Sub Reset()On Error Resume Next
Static xCloseTime
If resetCount <> 0 Then
ThisWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", Schedule:=False
resetCount = resetCount + 1
xCloseTime = DateAdd("n", 15, Now)
ThisWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", Schedule:=True

Else
resetCount = resetCount + 1
xCloseTime = DateAdd("n", 15, Now)
ThisWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", Schedule:=True
End If
End Sub
````
This is using the same SaveWork1 As:
````Sub SaveWork1()
Application.DisplayAlerts = False
ThisWorkbook.Save
ThisWorkbook.Close

Application.DisplayAlerts = True
End Sub

````
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
If you are working in a separate workbook at the point where close time is reached then it will close that workbook and not the inactive one. This can be solved by adjusting the code to: - corrected and tested from the below comment - use this code:

Enter into "This Workbook"

Private Sub Workbook_BeforeClose(Cancel As Boolean)
Call TimeStop
End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_Open()
Call TimeSetting
End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)
Call TimeStop
Call TimeSetting
End Sub


Enter into "module":

Dim CloseTime As Date
Sub TimeSetting()
CloseTime = Now + TimeValue("00:10:00")
On Error Resume Next
Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=True
End Sub
Sub TimeStop()
On Error Resume Next
Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=False
End Sub
Sub SavedAndClose()
ThisWorkbook.Close Savechanges:=True
End Sub


you can change the time setting by changing CloseTime = Now + TimeValue("00:10:00") - this is set to 10 minutes, change the("00:10:00") to whatever time you want and it works.
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