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如何在Excel中基于/取决于指定的单元格值自动更改形状大小?

添加一名作者 最后修改时间:2020-07-22

如果要基于指定单元格的值自动更改形状大小,本文可以为您提供帮助。

使用VBA代码根据指定的像元值自动更改形状大小


使用VBA代码根据指定的像元值自动更改形状大小

以下VBA代码可以帮助您根据当前工作表中指定的单元格值更改特定形状的大小。 请执行以下操作。

1.右键单击需要更改大小的形状的图纸选项卡,然后单击 查看代码 从右键单击菜单中。

2.在 Microsoft Visual Basic应用程序 窗口,将以下VBA代码复制并粘贴到“代码”窗口中。

VBA代码:根据Excel中指定的单元格值自动更改形状大小

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    On Error Resume Next
    If Target.Row = 2 And Target.Column = 1 Then
        Call SizeCircle("Oval 2", Val(Target.Value))
    End If
End Sub
Sub SizeCircle(Name As String, Diameter)
    Dim xCenterX As Single
    Dim xCenterY As Single
    Dim xCircle As Shape
    Dim xDiameter As Single
    On Error GoTo ExitSub
    xDiameter = Diameter
    If xDiameter > 10 Then xDiameter = 10
    If xDiameter < 1 Then xDiameter = 1
    Set xCircle = ActiveSheet.Shapes(Name)
    With xCircle
        xCenterX = .Left + (.Width / 2)
        xCenterY = .Top + (.Height / 2)
        .Width = Application.CentimetersToPoints(xDiameter)
        .Height = Application.CentimetersToPoints(xDiameter)
        .Left = xCenterX - (.Width / 2)
        .Top = xCenterY - (.Height / 2)
    End With
ExitSub:
End Sub

备注:在代码中,“椭圆形2”是形状名称,您将更改其大小。 和 行= 2, 列= 1 表示形状“椭圆2”的大小将随着A2中的值而改变。 请根据需要更改它们。

若要根据不同的像元值自动调整多个形状的大小,请应用以下VBA代码。

VBA代码:根据Excel中不同指定单元格的值自动调整多个形状的大小

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim xAddress As String
    On Error Resume Next
    If Target.CountLarge = 1 Then
        xAddress = Target.Address(0, 0)
        If xAddress = "A1" Then
            Call SizeCircle("Oval 1", Val(Target.Value))
        ElseIf xAddress = "A2" Then
            Call SizeCircle("Smiley Face 3", Val(Target.Value))
        ElseIf xAddress = "A3" Then
            Call SizeCircle("Heart 2", Val(Target.Value))
        End If
    End If
End Sub

Sub SizeCircle(Name As String, Diameter)
    Dim xCenterX As Single
    Dim xCenterY As Single
    Dim xCircle As Shape
    Dim xDiameter As Single
    On Error GoTo ExitSub
    xDiameter = Diameter
    If xDiameter > 10 Then xDiameter = 10
    If xDiameter < 1 Then xDiameter = 1
    Set xCircle = ActiveSheet.Shapes(Name)
    With xCircle
        xCenterX = .Left + (.Width / 2)
        xCenterY = .Top + (.Height / 2)
        .Width = Application.CentimetersToPoints(xDiameter)
        .Height = Application.CentimetersToPoints(xDiameter)
        .Left = xCenterX - (.Width / 2)
        .Top = xCenterY - (.Height / 2)
    End With
ExitSub:
End Sub

笔记:

1)在代码中,“椭圆形1“”笑脸3“和”心脏3”是形状的名称,您将自动更改其大小。 和 A1, A2A3 是您将根据其自动调整形状大小的值的单元格。
2)如果要添加更多形状,请添加行“ElseIf xAddress =“ A3”然后“而 “调用SizeCircle(“ Heart 2”,Val(Target.Value))“在第一个之上”结束如果代码中的“”行。然后根据需要更改单元格地址和形状名称。

3。 按 其他 + Q 同时关闭按键 Microsoft Visual Basic应用程序 窗口。

从现在开始,当您更改单元格A2中的值时,椭圆2形状的大小将自动更改。 看截图:

或更改单元格A1,A2和A3中的值,以自动调整相应形状“椭圆1”,“笑脸3”和“心3”的大小。 看截图:

备注:单元格值大于10时,形状大小将不再更改。


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Comments (17)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
We use spreadsheets that have many fill in circles on each page and we have as many as 16 pages. Everyone of the 'circles' has a different aspect ratio. Ideally I want all the circles to have a height of 0.1 and width of 0.1. Is there a way to reshape every one of these to be the same?
All the 'circles' have no fill and I'd like to be able to just click the circle and have it auto fill in black and when it's clicked again to remove the fill.

Here is an example from the spreadsheet, except the different sized circles didn't copy and paste. Imagine to the left of each there is a 'circle' and all are different height's and width's. For now I have to go to each one and change the height and width to 0.1 so they come out round.

INDOOR OUTDOOR GRADE
HEATED UNDER ROOF MEZZANINE
UNHEATED PARTIAL SIDES OTHER Module/Steel Structure
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE RANGE (°F) (5.1.2.1)

Can you help? Thanks

PS I inserted the code you gave above but it doesn't look like it changed the shape in that cell.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
is there a way for this to work if the cell your using to set the size is the result of a formula rather than just a static value you manualy enter?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi mathnz,The VBA code below can help you solve the problem.You just need to change the value cells and the shape names in the code based on your own data.
<div data-tag="code">Private Sub Worksheet_Calculate()
'Updated by Extendoffice 20211105
On Error Resume Next
Call SizeCircle("Oval 1", Val(Range("A1").Value)) 'A1 is the value cell, Oval 1 is the shape name
Call SizeCircle("Smiley Face 2", Val(Range("A2").Value))
Call SizeCircle("Heart 3", Val(Range("A3").Value))

End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
Dim xAddress As String
On Error Resume Next
If Target.CountLarge = 1 Then
xAddress = Target.Address(0, 0)
If xAddress = "A1" Then
Call SizeCircle("Oval 1", Val(Target.Value))
ElseIf xAddress = "A2" Then
Call SizeCircle("Smiley Face 2", Val(Target.Value))
ElseIf xAddress = "A3" Then
Call SizeCircle("Heart 3", Val(Target.Value))

End If
End If
End Sub

Sub SizeCircle(Name As String, Diameter)
Dim xCenterX As Single
Dim xCenterY As Single
Dim xCircle As Shape
Dim xDiameter As Single
On Error GoTo ExitSub
xDiameter = Diameter
If xDiameter > 10 Then xDiameter = 10
If xDiameter < 1 Then xDiameter = 1
Set xCircle = ActiveSheet.Shapes(Name)
With xCircle
xCenterX = .Left + (.Width / 2)
xCenterY = .Top + (.Height / 2)
.Width = Application.CentimetersToPoints(xDiameter)
.Height = Application.CentimetersToPoints(xDiameter)
.Left = xCenterX - (.Width / 2)
.Top = xCenterY - (.Height / 2)
End With
ExitSub:
End Sub

This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Crytal
what if to determine the side of the cube, triangle, box that must be determined based on the length, width? Please help me

Thank You
chairil
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Chairil,
Sorry can't help you with that yet. Thanks for your comment.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Crytal,

I would like to ask you, if there is a way to select color (red cell = red form) and name from specific cells . could it also be possible to create forms automatically from VBA?

Thank you so much in advance :)

Carol
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Is there a way to do this with Images? I don't seem to be having any luck using the code as posted.

5 Images in a leaderboard, I want the Images in 1st or tied for 1st to be larger. Therefore I've 2 fixed image sizes, either 1x2 for not first or 2x4 for 1st placed (for example). I've got ranking already set-up so can use that to create sizes in specific cells for each image (ie use an IF statement so IF RANK is 1st size width is 2). My VBA is pretty weak though.

Basically I want - on sheet update - look at image size cells and set each image size to the specific image size cells result. I can't see in the VBA above how that exactly works but I think it should be easy!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, is there a way that I can make the shape expand on two dimensions (instead of increasing the shape size by 5, increase it 5 on the horizontal and 3 on the vertical)?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Dear Sam,
The following VBA script can help you solve the problem. And the two dimensions are cell A1 and B1.

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
On Error Resume Next
If Target.Count = 1 Then
If Not Intersect(Target, Range("A1:B1")) Is Nothing Then
Call SizeCircle("Oval 2", Array(Val(Range("A1").Value), Val(Range("B1").Value)))
End If
End If
End Sub
Sub SizeCircle(Name As String, Arr As Variant)
Dim I As Long
Dim xCenterX As Single
Dim xCenterY As Single
Dim xCircle As Shape
On Error GoTo ExitSub
For I = 0 To UBound(Arr)
If Arr(I) > 10 Then
Arr(I) = 10
ElseIf Arr(I) < 1 Then
Arr(I) = 1
End If
Next
Set xCircle = ActiveSheet.Shapes(Name)
With xCircle
xCenterX = .Left + (.Width / 2)
xCenterY = .Top + (.Height / 2)
.Width = Application.CentimetersToPoints(Arr(0))
.Height = Application.CentimetersToPoints(Arr(1))
.Left = xCenterX - (.Width / 2)
.Top = xCenterY - (.Height / 2)
End With
ExitSub:
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi,
I have tried to use your post to write my own VBA code but don't seem to be getting very far. Mainly because I don't really understand VBA and I'm just trying to adapt your. I was wondering if you could help. I am wanting to change the length of a rectangle depending on the value in a cell. I would like the width if the rectangle to stay the same but the length to change. I would like both left hand vertices to stay in the same place and it to lengthen to the right. Is this possible?
Thank you
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Dear lan,
Hope the following VBA code can solve your problem. (Please replace the Oval 1 with the shape name of your own)

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
On Error Resume Next
If Target.Row = 2 And Target.Column = 1 Then
Call SizeCircle("Oval 1", Val(Target.Value))
End If
End Sub
Sub SizeCircle(Name As String, Diameter)
Dim xCircle As Shape
Dim xDiameter As Single
On Error GoTo ExitSub
xDiameter = Diameter
If xDiameter > 10 Then xDiameter = 10
If xDiameter < 1 Then xDiameter = 1
Set xCircle = ActiveSheet.Shapes(Name)
xCircle.ScaleWidth 1.5, msoFalse, msoScaleFromTopLeft
With xCircle
.LockAspectRatio = msoFalse
.Width = Application.CentimetersToPoints(xDiameter)
End With
ExitSub:
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, how do i replicate the same for multiple shapes linked to multiple cells in the same module?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Dear Abhinaya,
The article is updated with a new code section which can help you to execute with multiple shapes each depending on different cells. Thank you for your comment.

Best Regards,
Crystal
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
How do I name my shape? In your example above, how do you assign the name Oval 2 to the circle you have drawn?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Dear Ranjit,
For naming a shape, please select this shape, enter the shape name into the Name Box, and then press the Enter key. See below image shown.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
How would you execute this with multiple shapes each depending on different cells?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Dear Jade,
The article is updated with a new code section which can help you to execute with multiple shapes each depending on different cells. Thank you for your comment.

Best Regards,
Crystal
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