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如何遍历目录中的文件并将数据复制到Excel中的主表中?

添加一名作者 最后修改时间:2021-01-07

假设一个文件夹中有多个Excel工作簿,并且您想循环浏览所有这些Excel文件,并将数据从指定范围的同名工作表中复制到Excel中的主工作表中,该怎么办? 本文详细介绍了一种实现方法。

循环浏览目录中的文件,然后使用VBA代码将数据复制到主表中


循环浏览目录中的文件,然后使用VBA代码将数据复制到主表中

如果要将范围A1:D4中的指定数据从某个文件夹中的所有工作簿工作表1复制到母版工作表,请执行以下操作。

1.在工作簿中,您将创建一个主工作表,然后按 其他 + F11 键打开 Microsoft Visual Basic应用程序 窗口。

2.在 Microsoft Visual Basic应用程序 窗口中,单击 插页 > 模块。 然后将下面的VBA代码复制到代码窗口中。

VBA代码:循环浏览文件夹中的文件并将数据复制到主表中

Sub Merge2MultiSheets()
    Dim xRg As Range
    Dim xSelItem As Variant
    Dim xFileDlg As FileDialog
    Dim xFileName, xSheetName, xRgStr As String
    Dim xBook, xWorkBook As Workbook
    Dim xSheet As Worksheet
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.DisplayAlerts = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    xSheetName = "Sheet1"
    xRgStr = "A1:D4"
    Set xFileDlg = Application.FileDialog(msoFileDialogFolderPicker)
    With xFileDlg
        If .Show = -1 Then
            xSelItem = .SelectedItems.Item(1)
            Set xWorkBook = ThisWorkbook
            Set xSheet = xWorkBook.Sheets("New Sheet")
            If xSheet Is Nothing Then
                xWorkBook.Sheets.Add(after:=xWorkBook.Worksheets(xWorkBook.Worksheets.Count)).Name = "New Sheet"
                Set xSheet = xWorkBook.Sheets("New Sheet")
            End If
            xFileName = Dir(xSelItem & "\*.xlsx", vbNormal)
            If xFileName = "" Then Exit Sub
            Do Until xFileName = ""
               Set xBook = Workbooks.Open(xSelItem & "\" & xFileName)
                Set xRg = xBook.Worksheets(xSheetName).Range(xRgStr)
                xRg.Copy xSheet.Range("A65536").End(xlUp).Offset(1, 0)
                xFileName = Dir()
                xBook.Close
            Loop
        End If
    End With
    Application.DisplayAlerts = True
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub

备注:

1)。 在代码中,“A1:D4“和”Sheet1”表示将所有Sheet1的A4:D1范围内的数据复制到主表中。 还有“新表”是新创建的母版表的名称。
2)。 特定文件夹中的Excel文件不应打开。

3。 按 F5 键来运行代码。

4.在开幕 浏览 窗口,请选择包含您要循环浏览的文件的文件夹,然后单击 OK 按钮。 看截图:

然后,在当前工作簿的末尾创建一个名为“ New Sheet”的主工作表。 工作表中列出了所选文件夹中所有Sheet1的A4:D1范围内的数据。


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Comments (22)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Good afternoon. I urgently need your help: what VBA code could I use to copy a folder from an Excel workbook and paste it into an existing Excel workbook in another workbook? Would it be possible to copy the formatting just from the formatting?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Boa tarde. Preciso urgentemente de sua ajuda: qual código de VBA poderia utilizar para copiar a uma planilha inteira de uma pasta de trabalho Excel e colar em várias outras pastas de trabalho Excel já existentes em uma em um mesmo diretório? Teria como copiar apenas a formatação da planilha inteira?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
My scenario is similar, except I have multiple sheets in each file, all with different names but consistent between files. Is there a way to Loop this code to copy the data within the files and paste (values) to specific sheet names in the master workbook? The sheet names in the master are the same as in the files. I want to loop through them. Also, the amount of data in each sheet will vary, so I will need to select the data in each sheet using something like this:

Range("A1").Select
Range(Selection, Selection.End(xlDown)).Select
Range(Selection, Selection.End(xlToRight)).Select


File sheet names are Giving, Services, Insurance, Car, Other Expenses, etc...

Thanks in advance.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Andrew Shahan,
The following VBA code can solve your problem. After running the code and selecting a folder, the code will automatically match the worksheet by name and paste the data into the worksheet of the same name in the master workbook.
Sub Merge2MultiSheets()
'Updated by Extendoffice 20221209
    Dim xRg As Range
    Dim xSelItem As Variant
    Dim xFileDlg As FileDialog
    Dim xFileName, xSheetName, xRgStr As String
    Dim xBook As Workbook, xMainBook As Workbook
    Dim xSheet As Worksheet
    On Error Resume Next
    
    Application.DisplayAlerts = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False

    Set xMainBook = ThisWorkbook
    
    Set xFileDlg = Application.FileDialog(msoFileDialogFolderPicker)
    With xFileDlg
        If .Show = -1 Then
            xSelItem = .SelectedItems.Item(1)
            xFileName = Dir(xSelItem & "\*.xlsx", vbNormal)
            If xFileName = "" Then Exit Sub
            
            Do Until xFileName = ""
            Set xBook = Workbooks.Open(xSelItem & "\" & xFileName)

            For Start = 1 To xBook.Worksheets.Count
                Set xSheet = xBook.Worksheets.Item(Start)
                xSheet.Activate
                xSheetName = xSheet.Name
                xSheet.UsedRange.Copy (xMainBook.Worksheets.Item(xSheetName).Range("A1048576").End(xlUp).Offset(1, 0))
            Next
                xFileName = Dir()
                xBook.Close
            Loop
        End If
    End With
    Application.DisplayAlerts = True
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Olá bom dia.
Gostei muito dessde código, mas não me ajudou com os relatórios que eu preciso impreimir.
Preciso imprimir 2.400 relatório de exel que estão em pastas diferentes e não estão configuradas corretamente para impressão. Pode me enviar um códgo de VBA que automatize essas impressões ? Me ajudaria muito, obrigada.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Maria Soares,
Please check if the VBA code in the following post can help.
How to print multiple workbooks in Excel?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi i want a code to copy the data in 6 different workbooks(in a folder) which has sheets included in them to NEW WORKBOOK. in vba
plz help me asp
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Paranusha,
The VBA script in the following article can combine multiple workbooks or specified sheets of workbooks to a master workbook. Please check if it can help.
How To Combine Multiple Workbooks Into One Master Workbook In Excel?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
for me, the "Sheet1" tab name changes for each of my files. For instance, Tab1, Tab2, Tab3, Tab4...How can I setup a loop to run through a list in excel and keep changing the "Sheet1" name until it runs through everything?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Nick,The VBA code below can help you solve the problem. Please have a try.<div data-tag="code">Sub LoopThroughFileRename()
'Updated by Extendofice 2021/12/31
Dim xRg As Range
Dim xSelItem As Variant
Dim xFileDlg As FileDialog
Dim xFileName, xSheetName, xRgStr As String
Dim xBook, xWorkBook As Workbook
Dim xSheet As Worksheet
Dim xShs As Sheets
Dim xName As String
Dim xFNum As Integer
On Error Resume Next
Application.DisplayAlerts = False
Application.EnableEvents = False
Application.ScreenUpdating = False
Set xFileDlg = Application.FileDialog(msoFileDialogFolderPicker)
xFileDlg.Show
xSelItem = xFileDlg.SelectedItems.Item(1)
xFileName = Dir(xSelItem & "\*.xlsx", vbNormal)
Do While xFileName <> ""
Set xWorkBook = Workbooks.Open(xSelItem & "\" & xFileName)
Set xShs = xWorkBook.Sheets
For xFNum = 1 To xShs.Count
Set xSheet = xShs.Item(xFNum)
xName = xSheet.Name
xName = Replace(xName, "Sheet", "Tab") 'Replace Sheet with Tab
xSheet.Name = xName
Next
xWorkBook.Save
xWorkBook.Close
xFileName = Dir()
Loop
Application.DisplayAlerts = True
Application.EnableEvents = True
Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
how do you make to code leave a blank if cell is empty?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Thank you - how would one be able to copy and paste (special values) from each worksheet within a workbook into separate sheets within a main Master file?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi - This code works very well for the first 565 lines for every file, but all lines after are overlapped by the next file.
is there a way to fix this?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi - This code is perfect for what I'm trying to achieve.

Is there a way to loop through all folders and subfolders and perform the copy?


Thanks!
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