跳到主要内容

如何自动适应Excel中合并单元格的行高?

作者:晓阳 最后修改时间:2014-11-29

在Excel中,我们可以使用来快速调整行高以适合单元格内容 自动调整行高 功能,但此功能将完全忽略合并的单元格。 也就是说,您无法应用 自动调整行高 要调整合并单元格的行高的功能,您需要手动调整合并单元格的行高。 在本文中,我可以介绍一些解决此问题的快速方法。

使用VBA代码自动拟合合并单元格的行高


箭头蓝色右气泡 使用VBA代码自动拟合合并单元格的行高

假设我有一个包含一些合并单元格的工作表,如下面的屏幕快照所示,现在我需要调整单元格行高的大小以显示整个内容,下面的VBA代码可以帮助您自动调整多个合并单元格的行高,请执行如下:

文档自动调整合并单元格-1

1。 按住 ALT + F11 键,然后打开 Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications窗口.

2。 点击 插页 > 模块,然后将以下代码粘贴到 模块窗口.

VBA代码:自动适合多个合并单元格的行高
Option Explicit
Public Sub AutoFitAll()
  Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a1:b2"))
   Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("c4:d6"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("e1:e3"))
End Sub
Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range)
  Dim tHeight As Integer
  Dim iPtr As Integer
  Dim oldWidth As Single
  Dim oldZZWidth As Single
  Dim newWidth As Single
  Dim newHeight As Single
  With Sheets("Sheet4")
    oldWidth = 0
    For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
      oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
    Next iPtr
    oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
    oRange.MergeCells = False
    newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
    oldZZWidth = .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth
    .Range("ZZ1") = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
    .Range("ZZ1").WrapText = True
    .Columns("ZZ").ColumnWidth = oldWidth
    .Rows("1").EntireRow.AutoFit
    newHeight = .Rows("1").RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
    .Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight
    oRange.MergeCells = True
    oRange.WrapText = True
    .Range("ZZ1").ClearContents
    .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
  End With
End Sub

笔记:

(1.)在上面的代码中,您可以添加新范围,只需复制 调用AutoFitMergedCells(Range(“ a1:b2”)) 多次编写脚本,然后将合并的单元格范围更改为所需的范围。

(2.)并且您应该更改当前工作表名称 Sheet4 到您使用的工作表名称。

3。 然后按 F5 键来运行此代码,现在,您可以看到所有合并的单元格已自动适应其单元格内容,请参见屏幕截图:

文档自动调整合并单元格-1


相关文章:

如何在Excel中自动调整列宽?

最佳办公生产力工具

🤖 Kutools 人工智能助手:基于以下内容彻底改变数据分析: 智能执行   |  生成代码  |  创建自定义公式  |  分析数据并生成图表  |  调用 Kutools 函数...
热门特色: 查找、突出显示或识别重复项   |  删除空白行   |  合并列或单元格而不丢失数据   |   不使用公式进行四舍五入 ...
超级查询: 多条件VLookup    多值VLookup  |   跨多个工作表的 VLookup   |   模糊查询 ....
高级下拉列表: 快速创建下拉列表   |  依赖下拉列表   |  多选下拉列表 ....
列管理器: 添加特定数量的列  |  移动列  |  切换隐藏列的可见性状态  |  比较范围和列 ...
特色功能: 网格焦点   |  设计图   |   大方程式酒吧    工作簿和工作表管理器   |  资源库 (自动文本)   |  日期选择器   |  合并工作表   |  加密/解密单元格    按列表发送电子邮件   |  超级筛选   |   特殊过滤器 (过滤粗体/斜体/删除线...)...
前 15 个工具集12 文本 工具 (添加文本, 删除字符,...)   |   50+ 图表 类型 (甘特图,...)   |   40+ 实用 公式 (根据生日计算年龄,...)   |   19 插入 工具 (插入二维码, 从路径插入图片,...)   |   12 转化 工具 (小写金额转大写, 货币兑换,...)   |   7 合并与拆分 工具 (高级组合行, 分裂细胞,...)   |   ... 和更多

使用 Kutools for Excel 增强您的 Excel 技能,体验前所未有的效率。 Kutools for Excel 提供了 300 多种高级功能来提高生产力并节省时间。  单击此处获取您最需要的功能...

描述


Office Tab 为 Office 带来选项卡式界面,让您的工作更加轻松

  • 在Word,Excel,PowerPoint中启用选项卡式编辑和阅读,发布者,Access,Visio和Project。
  • 在同一窗口的新选项卡中而不是在新窗口中打开并创建多个文档。
  • 每天将您的工作效率提高50%,并减少数百次鼠标单击!

<p >

最佳办公生产力工具

🤖 Kutools 人工智能助手:基于以下内容彻底改变数据分析: 智能执行   |  生成代码  |  创建自定义公式  |  分析数据并生成图表  |  调用 Kutools 函数...
热门特色: 查找、突出显示或识别重复项   |  删除空白行   |  合并列或单元格而不丢失数据   |   不使用公式进行四舍五入 ...
超级查询: 多条件VLookup    多值VLookup  |   跨多个工作表的 VLookup   |   模糊查询 ....
高级下拉列表: 快速创建下拉列表   |  依赖下拉列表   |  多选下拉列表 ....
列管理器: 添加特定数量的列  |  移动列  |  切换隐藏列的可见性状态  |  比较范围和列 ...
特色功能: 网格焦点   |  设计图   |   大方程式酒吧    工作簿和工作表管理器   |  资源库 (自动文本)   |  日期选择器   |  合并工作表   |  加密/解密单元格    按列表发送电子邮件   |  超级筛选   |   特殊过滤器 (过滤粗体/斜体/删除线...)...
前 15 个工具集12 文本 工具 (添加文本, 删除字符,...)   |   50+ 图表 类型 (甘特图,...)   |   40+ 实用 公式 (根据生日计算年龄,...)   |   19 插入 工具 (插入二维码, 从路径插入图片,...)   |   12 转化 工具 (小写金额转大写, 货币兑换,...)   |   7 合并与拆分 工具 (高级组合行, 分裂细胞,...)   |   ... 和更多

使用 Kutools for Excel 增强您的 Excel 技能,体验前所未有的效率。 Kutools for Excel 提供了 300 多种高级功能来提高生产力并节省时间。  单击此处获取您最需要的功能...

描述


Office Tab 为 Office 带来选项卡式界面,让您的工作更加轻松

  • 在Word,Excel,PowerPoint中启用选项卡式编辑和阅读,发布者,Access,Visio和Project。
  • 在同一窗口的新选项卡中而不是在新窗口中打开并创建多个文档。
  • 每天将您的工作效率提高50%,并减少数百次鼠标单击!
</ p >

Comments (28)
No ratings yet. Be the first to rate!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Perfect, good job! A just not ajust with merge cells in the same colum, there is an error with this code on the script:

For exemple if i want ajust this range ("a32:i32"):

Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a32:i32"))

Apear an error in this line of the script:

.Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight

Could you help me?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi All,

I modify the codes, which will search the merged cells and apply the autofit. hope this will help the future if any one interested.


Sub FindMergedCells()

' Declare sheet you want to look for merged cells on - in the example it's sheet 1
Dim sheet As Worksheet
Set sheet = ActiveWorkbook.Sheets(1)
Dim rng As Range
Dim rngStart As Range
Dim rngEnd As Range
Dim tHeight As Integer
Dim iPtr As Integer
Dim oldWidth As Double
Dim oldZZWidth As Double
Dim newWidth As Double
Dim newHeight As Double
Dim oRange As Range


' Add sheet for output
Dim output As Worksheet
Set output = Sheets.Add(after:=Sheets(1))

' Initialize row counter for output
orow = 0

' Header on output sheet


' Check all the cells in the worksheet's used range
For Each cell In sheet.UsedRange

' If they're merged -

If cell.MergeCells Then
orow = orow + 1
Set cell = cell.MergeArea
Set rngStart = cell.Cells(1, 1)
Set rngEnd = cell.Cells(cell.Rows.Count, cell.Columns.Count)

'MsgBox "First Cell " & rngStart.Address & vbNewLine & "Last Cell " & rngEnd.Address
'output.Cells(orow, 1) = "" & Replace(rngStart.Address, "$", "") & ":" & Replace(rngEnd.Address, "$", "")
Set oRange = Range("" & Replace(rngStart.Address, "$", "") & ":" & Replace(rngEnd.Address, "$", ""))

With sheet
oldWidth = 0
For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
Next iPtr
'oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
oRange.MergeCells = False
newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
oldZZWidth = .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth
.Range("ZZ1") = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
.Range("ZZ1").WrapText = True
.Columns("ZZ").ColumnWidth = oldWidth
.Rows("1").EntireRow.AutoFit
newHeight = .Rows("1").RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
.Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight
oRange.MergeCells = True
oRange.WrapText = True
.Range("ZZ1").ClearContents
.Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
End With
Else

'MsgBox "Not merged area"

End If
Next cell

End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I have tried this as I am not at all proficient with VBA. At the "Set Sheet = Activeworkbook I always get this Compile Error - Invalid outside procedure. What am I doing wrong?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Works perfectly on a single sheet. I need to fit multiple worksheet cells in one file. can you help me?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
It works perfectly. However, I need to adjust the width of multiple worksheets. it's possible?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
There is a limit on the size - if the total height required is greater than 409.5, it will only do what would fit in 409.5 and spread it amongst the height of the merged cells and you would not see the remainder.  I was hoping this would solve for text lengths greater than the max row height (409.5).  I think you may need to iterate through and split the text to what can fit in to the first max height of 409.5 then put the rest in another cell (ZZ2) and so on until it fits, then count the rows in each cell then get the total required height.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Dang it, copy/paste bit me. Also, with explicit sheet references the With isn't needed:

Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range, ByVal dblWidth As Double)



oRange.MergeCells = False

Sheet1.Range("A1") = oRange.Cells(1, 1).Value

Sheet1.Range("A1").WrapText = True

Sheet1.Columns(1).ColumnWidth = dblWidth

Sheet1.Rows(1).EntireRow.AutoFit

oRange.Parent.Rows(oRange.Row).Resize(oRange.Rows.Count).RowHeight _

= Sheet1.Rows(1).RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count

oRange.MergeCells = True

oRange.WrapText = True



End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Thank you, that helped me with a sheet I've not been happy with for years.

I did change things around a bit, my merged cells are all in one column so I calculated that outside the loop and passed it. I also inserted a Sheet1 that is hidden, and manipulated the columns/rows there so as to not affect the sheet I'm working on. The references should probably be more explicit:

Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range, ByVal dblWidth As Double)



Dim dblHeight As Double



With oRange.Parent

oRange.MergeCells = False

Sheet1.Range("A1") = oRange.Cells(1, 1).Value

Sheet1.Range("A1").WrapText = True

Sheet1.Columns(1).ColumnWidth = dblWidth

Sheet1.Rows(1).EntireRow.AutoFit

dblHeight = Sheet1.Rows(1).RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count

oRange.Parent.Rows(oRange.Row).Resize(oRange.Rows.Count).RowHeight = newHeight

oRange.MergeCells = True

oRange.WrapText = True

Sheet1.Range("A1").ClearContents

End With



End Sub
There are no comments posted here yet
Load More
Leave your comments
Posting as Guest
×
Rate this post:
0   Characters
Suggested Locations